Everything you need to know about finding a drain installer
Drains in and around our homes are used for three primary reasons. Firstly, drains are installed to funnel waste water, such as sewerage water, away to recycling plants. Secondly, drains are used to funnel rain and other surface waste water to rivers. Lastly, drains are used to collect water into a receptacle. Drains are often taken for granted and it is not until they are blocked or broken that we truly appreciate their value.
We use drains both inside and outside our homes, and they are a primary structural component in any household or business. Common drains installed are:
Sewer drains are used to remove ‘black’ and ‘greywater’ from buildings, and also diverts any gases produced by the sewage. Water from toilets is referred to as ‘black water’ as it commonly contains human faeces and other waste matters. ‘Grey water’ on the other hand is water which doesn’t contain faeces yet is waste water produced at fixtures such as baths, showers and sinks. These drains have traps to ensure that gas is prevented from seeping back into the house. This wastewater is then diverted through gravity and other mechanism to water purification plants. In certain situations, septic systems or cesspits are constructed in the property which is used to collect the sewage water. The services of companies specialising in draining these tanks or pits will have to be employed occasionally to ensure sewage does not overflow.
Stormwater drains are installed to drain excess rain and surface water away from properties. These stormwater drains are commonly found along sidewalks and is maintained by the local municipality. Often, however, homeowners will have to install stormwater drains inside the property to help remove excess rain water if other solutions are not viable. All stormwater drain installations are subject to safety regulations and must have covers over them to help prevent people from falling in.
Re-circulated drains are typically used in swimming pools and fountains as the water used is recycled all the time and employed for reuse. Various safety regulations are also in place when these drains are installed as suction is caused due to the additional pressure from the pump. Duct entanglement and suction entrapment are the 2 primary causes of fatalities with these drain types. In order to reduce suction, multiple drains are installed or the surface area of the drain opening is increased. All drains must have covers over them and safety pool devices today will turn pumps off automatically if suction entrapment is detected.
It is because of these hazards that maintenance and installation should be carried out by professionals
There are many regulations and standards that need to be adhered to when it comes to drainage. In instances were piping and major construction will be required, the services of trained plumbing professionals should be employed.
In some cases, however, drainage can be sorted out fairly quickly, especially if rain water is a problem. Depending on where your property is situated, artificial drainage ditches of 0.9 to 1.2 meters wide can be sloped from highest to lowest point in a property.
Soak away pits are another option for external drainage solutions of rain water, but they are more complex to create.
Modern drains inside the home really do not require allot of maintenance. There are a few tips to ensure that your drains stay clear and free from blockages. Firstly, ensure that drains are kept free from foreign objects and fatty foods. This is done by:
discarding leftover food from dishes into a waste bin
avoid flushing large objects or quantities of toilet paper down the toilet
carrying out periodic maintenance
Periodic maintenance could be as easy as to fill a sink with hot water and to let it drain away. This will help to soften and remove fatty residue. Try and avoid using chemicals as they can cause erosion to drains and the attached piping. Instead, go natural by adding a handful of baking soda with the water – do this on a weekly basis. For a more comprehensive cleaning solution, mix 1 cup of salt, 1 cup of baking soda and ¼ cup of cream of tartar and pour it down the drain followed by 2 cups of boiling water.
Modern day detection devices such as CCTV cameras are employed to help detect faults in drain pipes. Carrying out periodic internal drain maintenance will result in problem free drainage. If a problem, however, persists the services of qualified plumbers will have to be employed.
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